The ranking of the top 20 largest wholesale and retail companies in SEE was clearly dominated by 11 Romania-based chains. All large Western European chains were represented with Germany’s Metro Group having three entries – its Romanian and Croatian Cash&Carry chains, as well as its Romanian retail chain Real,- Hypermarket.
However, the ranking was headed by one of the two Slovenian representatives – Mercator, which ended 2008 with total revenue of 1.84 billion euro and a net profit of 32.1 million euro. Outside Slovenia, Mercator is present in Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro and Bosnia. The company entered Bulgaria in 2009 and plans to expand to Albania, Macedonia and Kosovo.
The aggregate revenue of the top 20 whole sale and retail companies was 13.4 billion euro in 2008, up from 11.8 billion euro in 2007.
SEE Industry at a Glance represents a series of sub-rankings of the 20 biggest cnompanies by total revenue within the top five industries in SEE TOP 100: Petroleum/Natural Gas, Electricity,Wholesale/Retail, Telecommunications and Metals. In order to make the ranking more comprehensive, we have looked beyond the 100 companies in our flagship ranking and expanded the scope to the entire pool of over 1,000 enterprises.
|Company name||Country||Total revenue
|1 Poslovni Sisitem Mercator d.d.||Slovenia||1,839.24||1,736.63||32.14||35.42|
|2 Konzum d.d.||Croatia||1,741.78||1,485.96||59.19||40.65|
|3 Metro Cash and Carry SRL*||Romania||1,490.00||1,590.00||N/A||N/A|
|4 Carrefour Romania SA||Romania||972.82||738.69||18.59||22.82|
|5 Selgros Cash& Carry SRL||Romania||871.19||812.71||36.08||33.58|
|6 Kaufland Romania SC||Romania||726.98||598.49||3.44||14.57|
|7 real,- Hypermarket Romania SRL||Romania||689.06||385.25||-51.18||-43.86|
|8 Engrotus d.d.||Slovenia||673.93||599.57||8.07||18.34|
|9 Mediplus Exim SRL||Romania||495.21||432.39||2.85||6.53|
|10 Arabesque SRL||Romania||457.12||387.12||-1.56||7.60|
|11 Agrokor-Trgovina d.d.||Croatia||434.67||298.09||7.99||5.17|
|12 K and K Electronics OOD||Bulgaria||423.95||379.27||18.34||13.48|
|13 Romania Hypermarche SA||Romania||372.23||376.43||18.19||11.63|
|14 Mercator - H d.o.o.||Croatia||356.56||293.87||3.89||0.60|
|15 Metro Cash & Carry d.o.o.||Croatia||352.96||327.97||9.18||7.49|
|16 Pevec Zagreb d.o.o.||Croatia||317.73||272.27||3.01||10.68|
|17 M-Rodic DOO*||Serbia||303.64||267.04||9.35||4.75|
|18 Praktiker (Romania) SRL||Romania||299.49||259.56||8.01||13.33|
|19 Billa Romania SRL||Romania||299.13||297.72||9.54||9.73|
|20 Procter & Gamble Distribution SRL||Romania||296.65||309.19||5.08||3.00|
in millions of euro
(*) denotes net sales revenue
Retail trading is one of the fastest growing industries in Southeastern Europe (SEE).
The growth of the sector strongly depends on the purchasing power of the population. While the purchasing power of the customers in SEE is still lower than in Western Europe, thushindering big investors from entering the market, at the same time it indicates good possibilities for future development.
Albania, Serbia and Macedonia all reported very high levels of Purchasing Power Standard(PPS) in 2008, stemming from their low prices of consumer goods and services, according to data from the EU statistics office Eurostat.
PPS in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria and Slovenia is around the EU-27 average, while the purchasing power of Montenegrin customers is almost twice lower than this average.
Purchasing power parities (PPPs) 2006-2008
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||0.877764||0.89||0.95|
* - preliminary data
n - express data
Source: Eurostat, New Cronos Database 20.07.2009
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) is an indicator, which measures ratios of prices, expressed in national currencies and are used to convert the values of indicators to a common currency,called Purchasing Power Standard (PPS), which equalises the purchasing power of different national currencies and thus allows meaningful comparison.
Another indicator, measuring the development of retail industry, is the price level of consumer goods and services. Price levels varied widely across Europe in 2008: Danish consumer prices were 41% higher than the EU-27 average, while in Macedonia prices were 53% lower. Bulgaria, with retail prices 49% lower than the EU-27 average, was the cheapest country to go shopping in out of the 27 countries of the EU last year.
Comparative price levels of final consumption by private households in SEEincluding indirect taxes
|European Union (27 countries)||100||100||100|
The level of concentration and the presence of investors with large store formats are indicative of the level of market development. Slovenia holds the leading position among the SEE countries in terms of concentration, with five chains controlling a combined 80% share of the country’s market.
Croatia and Serbia, with concentration rates of some 50% and 40% of their retail markets, respectively, come second and third. Market concentration is smallest in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Moldova and Kosovo, where small corner shops, kiosks and open-air markets prevail.
According to a survey conducted by German-based global market research company GfK, supermarkets account for about 30% of all retail sales in Croatia, 23% in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and 18-19% in Serbia and Bulgaria. The process of consolidation of the retail market in SEE is still underway.
Companies based in the countries of Southeastern Europe dominate the retail markets of these countries. Regional majors such as Slovenia’s Mercator, Croatia’s Agrokor and Serbia’s Delta Holding are well aware of the buying habits and preferences of SEE customers and invest expansively on the SEE retail market.
|Investor||Home country||Investment destinations in SEE|
|Mercator||Slovenia||Bulgaria, Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia andHerzegovina, Albania (to be opened in end-2009)|
|Agrocor||Croatia||Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia|
|Delta Holding||Serbia||Serbia, Bulgaria, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Dm Drogeriemarkt||Serbia||Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,Serbia|
|Spar International||The Netherlands||Slovenia, Romania, Serbia, Croatia|
|Metro Group||Germany||Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia|
|Lidl & Schwarz||Germany||Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia|
|CBA||Hungary||Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Croatia|
|K and K Electronics OOD||Bulgaria||Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Macedonia|
|Tengelmann||Germany||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia|
|Intermarche||France||Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania|
|REWE||Austria||Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania|
|Maxima LT||Lithuania||Bulgaria, Romania|
|Rodic||Serbia||Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina|
The fast development of the SEE retail market is reflected by the Global Retail Development Index (GRDI), an indicator compiled yearly by U.S. consultancy A.T. Kearney. The GRDI evaluates the development potential of the retail industries of 30 selected emerging countries. The GRDI 2009 ranking includes four countries from Southeastern Europe, of which only Slovenia is among the top 10 of the 30 emerging economies.
Global Retail Development Index (GRDI) in 2009
SWOT Analysis of the Wholesale and Retail Market in SEE
|* Customers with potential for rising incomes||* High levels of corruption and bureaucracy|
|* Low labour costs||* Fragmented markets, a low level ofconcentration (except Slovenia), a good numberof small stores and preferences for shopping inopen-air markets|
|* SEE is an attractive tourist destination (Croatia,Montenegro and Bulgaria)||* Concentration of big stores around big cities(Macedonia, BiH, Croatia)|
|* A good perspective for the HORECA segment|
|* SEE can reap economic benefits from lying atthe crossroads of Western Europe, the MiddleEast and the Mediterranean||* Global economic crisis|
|* EU membership (Slovenia, Bulgaria andRomania) and candidate- members (Macedoniaand Croatia)||* Rising unemployment|
|* Development of new outlet formats –entertainment, electronics and office retailing,DIY (do-it-yourself), and other specialisednetworks||* Shortage of big land plots for the constructionof large outlets, distribution centres andwarehouses|
|* Development of private labels and own brands||* Skilled labour force leaving SEE|
|* Mergers and acquisitions (both regional andforeign investors)||* Underdeveloped infrastructure|
|* Offering of franchising and online retail trade|